Mesenchymal Stem Cell is an important member of stem cell family and belongs to pluripotent stem cells.
MSC have the characteristics of self-replication, multi-differentiation potential, hematopoietic support, immune regulation, and promotion of stem cell implantation. They can differentiate into fat, bone, cartilage, muscle, tendons, ligaments, nerves, and liver under specific inductive conditions in vivo or in vitro. Various tissue cells such as myocardium, endothelia, etc. can be used as ideal seed cells for the repair of tissue and organ damage caused by aging and lesions.
Umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells have the characteristics of convenient material acquisition, large differentiation potential, strong proliferation ability, low immunogenicity, lack of ethical and ethical issues, and easy industrial preparation. They are the most promising clinical applications for pluripotent stem cells.